Agriculture

Introduction

Introduction (Main Page)
Livelihood of the majority of thepopulation of the Jammu & Kashmir Staterevolves around the agriculture and alliedsectors. These sectors constitute themainstay of the State’s economy andcontribute nearly 50 per cent to GSDP. Over70 per cent of the population, of more than1.25 crores depends, directly or indirectly, onagriculture and its allied sectors. Thediversification in the physiographic features and agro-climatic variation at macro- andmicro-level, involving cold arid, temperate, intermediate and sub-tropical zones, within a small geographical area of 2.22 lakh sq. km indicate the inherent agricultural potential ofthe State. The net sown area (NSA) of 7.35lakh ha (2009-10) is 35 per cent of thereported area as against the national averageof 46 per cent. About 70 per cent of the netsown area is under the food crops. Theaverage size of holding is very small (0.545ha/holding) as compared to 1.66 ha at thenational level with more than 93% of ownersof these farm holdings subsisting onagriculture and allied activities.1.2 Over the years, agriculturists andfarmers have adopted several area- specificand time-specific cultivation practices to meetthe requirement of their staple food crops.
(READ MORE)Over the years, agriculturists and farmers have adopted several area- specific and time-specific cultivation practices to meet the requirement of their staple food crops.Rice, maize, wheat, pulses, fodder, oilseeds, potato and barley are the main crops of the State. There is currently a shift towards cultivating low volume high-value cash crops, such as, flowers, vegetables, quality seeds, aromatic & medicinal plants, mushrooms etc. round the year. Honey, Bee-keeping, fodder intensification, production of quality saffron, ‘Basmati’ rice, ‘Rajmash’, off-season vegetables, potatoes etc. are also being cultivated in specific areas, belts and clusters depending upon the agro-climatic suitability.
The state of J&K is predominantly a mono cropped and rain fed with about 40% of the area in Jammu division and 60% in Kashmir Division having assured means of irrigation. Irrigation is crucial input for development of agriculture in the state. The major area in the state falls under the command of canal irrigation.Rice, Maize and Wheat are the major crops in the state. While in Kashmir region Wheat, Oil Seeds and Fodder is being introduced as the secondary crop. In Jammu farmers are raising paddy as an additional crop. The production level of paddy adds about 40 quintals per hectare in Kashmir Valley and is highest in the country (Source: SoER, J&K 2012-13)
As per the figure for 2011-12, area not available for cultivation accounts for 574 thousand hectares. The category consists of 245 thousand hectares following under land put to non-agriculture use and 312 thousand hectares under barren and uncultivable land, 5 thousand hectares is under still water, marshy and water lodged category which is negligible proportion.The crop yield for the year 2011-12 regarding principal agriculture crops was estimated to be 1.6 metric tonnes per annum for maize, 2.078 metric tonnes per annum for rice and 1.68 metric tonnes per annum for wheat, which are the major crops of the state.

Area, Production and Productivity in Jammu and Kashmir 2013-14 and 2014-2015 (NEW)

S no.

Crop

Area (000 Ha)

Production (000 Qtls)

Productivity (Qt/ha)

2013-14

2014-15

2013-14

2014-15

2013-14

2014-15

1

Rice

271.49

265.88

5567.38

4548.00

20.51

17.11

2

Maize

298.68

308.62

5305.30

2735.00

17.76

8.86

3

Wheat

292.07

290.99

6018.81

5819.50

20.61

20.00

4

Pulses

25.79

26.57

138.38

84.10

5.37

3.17

5

Barley

12.52

12.63

71.02

71.60

5.67

5.67

6

Oilseeds

65.73

65.95

588.36

583.80

8.95

8.85

 

Total

966.28

970.64

17689.25

13842.00

78.87

63.66

Source:Economic Survey 2014-15 Volume-I, Government of Jammu & Kashmir

Data from 1999-2000 to 2014-2015 (New)

More Reads

Special Publication on Saffron
Economic Survey 2014-15 Volume-I, Government of Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir Agriculture Policy, Department of Agriculture, Government of Jammu & Kashmir

 

 

 

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