Forest Resource

Introduction

The state of Jammu and Kashmir is covered by lofty mountains, which receive heavy rainfall and snow. Dense forests are found everywhere particularly in outer and inner Himalayan ranges. High mountains of Ladakh and Kargil receive a very little rainfall; therefore, these are devoid of forest cover. However vast grass lands and abundant medicinal and aromatic plants grow there.


Forest area

Geographical Area

222,236 sq km

Population (as per Census 2011)

12.54 million

Urban

03.43 million (27.38%)

Rural

09.11 million (72.62%)

Tribal

01.49 million (11.91%)

Average Population Density

124 per sq km

Livestock population (as per 18th Live Stock Census)

10.99 million

No. of Districts (as per Census 2001)

15

No. of Hill Districts

(a)l4

 

(b)1*

No. of Tribal Districts

0

*Refers to area outside LOC that is under illegal occupation of Pakistan and China

Land Use Pattern

Land Use

Area in '000 ha

Percentage

Total Geographical Area

22,224

 

Reporting area for land utilization(o)

3,781

100

Forests

2,023

53.50

Not available for cultivation

573

15.17

Permanent pastures and other grazing lands

114

3.02

Land under Misc. Tree crops and groves

65

1.74

Culturable wasteland

134

3.55

Fallow lands other than current fallows

13

0.34

Current fallows

113

2.98

Net area sown

745

19.70

Excludes area under the illegal occupation of Pakistan and China
Source: Land Use Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, GOI, 2012-13.

Forest Cover Within Green Wash

Very Dense Forest

2,669 sq km

Moderately Dense Forest

5,399 sq km

Open Forest

4,633 sq km

Sub Total

12,701 sq km

Forest Cover Outside Green Wash

Very Dense Forest

1,392 sq km

Moderately Dense Forest

3,416 sq km

Open Forest

5,479 sq km

Sub Total

10,287 sq km

Total Forest Cover

22,988 sq km

Tree Cover

8,354 sq km

Total Forest & Tree Cover

31,342 sq km

Per capita Forest & Tree Cover

0.250 ha

Of State's Geographical Area

14.10%

Of India's Forest & Tree Cover

3.95 %

Forest Cover Informatics in Different Patch Size Class

S.No.

Patch Size Range in (sq km)

No. of Patches

Area (sq km)

%age

1.

>=0.01

<=1.0

40,097

2,432

10.58

2.

>1.0

<=10

774

1,949

08.48

3.

> 10

<=100

83

2,663

11.58

4.

>100

<= 500

14

2,790

12.14

5.

> 500

<=1000

5

3,414

14.85

6.

> 1000

<= 5000

3

4,023

17.50

7.

> 5000

<=10000

1

5,717

24.87

8.

>10000

0

0

0.00

 

Total

40,977

22,988

100

Forest Types

 

(Area in km2)

Forest Type

Area

Percent

5B/C2 Northern Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest

1,383.24

5.74

5/DS1 Dry Deciduous Scrub

366.58

1.52

5/DS3 (Euphorbia Scrub)

1.78

0.01

5/E9 Dry Bamboo Brakes

24.52

0.10

5/1S2 Khair-Sissu Forest

1.61

0.01

9/Cla Lower or Siwalik Chir Pine Forest

2,484.19

10.31

9/C1b Upper or Flimalayan Chir Pine Forest

882.41

3.66

9/DS1 Flimalayan Subtropical Scrub

244.77

1.02

10/C1a Olea cuspidata Scrub Forest

196.06

0.81

12/Cla Ban Oak Forest (Q. incana)

582.21

2.41

12/C1b Moru Oak Forest (Q. dilatata)

27.99

0.12

12/Clc Moist Deodar Forest

2,100.58

8.72

12/C1d Western Mixed Coniferous Forest

3,288.24

13.65

5B/C2 Northern Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest

1,383.24

5.74

5/DS1 Dry Deciduous Scrub

366.58

1.52

5/DS3 (Euphorbia Scrub)

1.78

0.01

5/E9 Dry Bamboo Brakes

24.52

0.10

5/1S2 Khair-Sissu Forest

1.61

0.01

9/C1a Lower or Siwalik Chir Pine Forest

2,484.19

10.31

9/C1b Upper or Himalayan Chir Pine Forest

882.41

3.66

9/DS1 Himalayan Subtropical Scrub

244.77

1.02

10/Cla Olea cuspidata Scrub Forest

196.06

0.81

12/C1aBan Oak Forest (Q. incana)

582.21

2.41

12/C1 b Moru Oak Forest (Q. dilatata)

27.99

0.12

12/Clc Moist Deodar Forest

2,100.58

8.72

12/C1d Western Mixed Coniferous Forest

3,288.24

13.65

12/C1e Moist Temperate Deciduous Forest

38.75

0.16

12/C1f (Low-Level Blue Pine Forest (P. wallichiana)

1,545.33

6.41

12/C1/DS1 Oak Scrub

168.33

0.70

12/C1/DS2 Himalayan Temperate Secondary Scrub

326.70

1.36

12/C2a Kharsu Oak Forest (Q. semicarpifolia)

0.72

0.00

12/C2b West Himalayan Upper Oak/Fir Forest

2.14

0.01

12/1S1 Alder Forest

3.55

0.01

12/1S2 Riverain Blue Pine Forest

109.18

0.45

12/2S1 Low-Level Blue Pine Forest

83.40

0.35

13(i)/C1 Dry Broad leaved and Coniferous Forest

795.55

3.30

13(i)/C2b Dry Deodar Forest

799.46

3.32

13/DS1 Pohu Scrub

76.32

0.32

13/DS2 Dry Temperate Scrub

133.58

0.55

13/C3 West Himalayan Dry Temperate Deciduous Forest

262.88

1.09

13(i)/C4 West Himalayan High Level Dry Blue Pine

1,344.82

5.58

13/1S2 Populus/Salix Forest

131.47

0.55

14/Cla West Himalayan Alpine Fir Forest

1,570.61

6.52

14/C1b West Himalayan Sub-Alpine Birch/Fir Forest

1,529.95

6.35

14/2S1 Sub-Alpine Blue Pine Forest

519.53

2.16

15/C1 Birch/Rhododendron Scrub Forest

163.66

0.68

15/C2 Deciduous Alpine Scrub

226.84

0.94

15/El Dwarf Rhododendron Scrub

35.82

0.15

15/E2 (Dwarf Juniper Scrub)

15.95

0.07

16/C1 Alpine Scrub Forest

1,584.37

6.57

16/E1 Dwarf Juniper Scrub

758.17

3.15

Plantation/TOF

282.74

1.17

Total

24,094.00

100

Source: Atlus Forest Types of India, 2011

Forest Cover of Jammu & Kashmir

Growing Stock

Growing Stock in Recorded Forest Area

236.82 million cum

Growing Stock in TOF

147.08 million cum

Recorded Forest Area

Reserved Forest

17,643 sq km

Protected Forest

2,551 sq km

Unclassed Forest

36 sq km

Total

20,230 sq km

Of State's Geographical Area

09.10 %

Of India's Forest Area

02.65 %

Figure 7.11: Forest Cover Map of Jammu & Kashmir

Forest Cover Wllhln Green Wash              Forest Cover Outside Green wash

Table 7.11a: District-wise Forest Cover of Jammu & Kashmir
District-wise Forest Cover                                                                        (Area in km2)


District

Geo­
graphical
Area

Very
Dense
Forest

Mod.
Dense
Forest

Open
Forest

Total

Percent of GA

Change

Scrub

Anantnag"

3,984

144

617

640

1,401

35.17

-37

37

Ba ram Lilia"

4,588

439

334

350

1,123

24.48

-34

18

Budgam"

1,371

99

79

73

251

18.31

31

8

Doda"

11,691

591

1,636

1,570

3,797

32.48

-170

8

Jammu"

3,097

0

316

579

895

28.90

13

56

Kargil"

14,037

0

2

37

39

0.28

15

25

Kathua"

2,651

111

624

663

1,398

52.73

-1

10

Kupwara"

2,379

467

369

314

1,150

48.34

-10

3

Leh"

45,110

0

16

79

95

0.21

-10

27

Outside LOC"

120,848

1,345

2,628

3,011

6,984

5.78

499

306

Poonch"

1,674

187

299

242

728

43.49

-1

9

Pulwama"

1,398

109

103

265

477

34.12

183

10

Rajouri"

2,630

49

439

752

1,240

47.15

0

8

Srinagar"

2,228

163

245

219

627

28.14

-125

50

Udhampur"

4,550

357

1,108

1,318

2,783

61.16

97

50

Total

222,236

4,061

8,815

10,112

22,988

10.34

450

625

 

Table 7.11b Change Matrix of Jammu & Kashmir
Forest Cover Change Matrix                                                          (Area in km2)
2015 Assessment
Class

VDF

MDF

OF

Scrub

NF

Total ISFR 2013

Very Dense Forest

3,758

209

58

1

114

4,140

Moderately Dense Forest

152

7,334

608

42

624

8,760

Open Forest

69

593

7,235

63

1,678

9,638

Scrub

4

116

291

307

1,387

2,105

Non Forest

78

563

1,920

212

194,820

197,593

Total ISFR 2015

4,061

8,815

10,112

625

198,623

222,236

Net Change

-79

55

474

-1,480

1,030

 

Table 7.11c: Altitude-wise Forest Cover of Jammu & Kashmir

Altitude-wise Forest Cover                                  (Area in km2)

Altitude Zone

VDF

MDF

OF

Total

0-500m

1

227

658

886

500-1000m

54

1,376

2,230

3,660

1000-2000m

666

2,412

2,773

5,851

2000-3000m

2,694

3,431

2,773

8,898

3000-4000m

646

1,356

1,648

3,650

>4000m

0

13

30

43

Total

4,061

8,815

10,112

22,988

(Based on SRTM, Digital Elevation Model)

Reasons for change detected in 2015 assessment:
The main reason for the net positive change is attributed to improvement in the scrub areas to forest areas.

Src : India State of Forest report 2015

 

 

 

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