State Symbols

State Symbols of J&K

Apart from India's national symbol, each of its states and territories have their own symbols including animal, bird, tree and flower. Following are the State Symbols of Jammu and Kashmir State.


1) Kashmir Stag or Hangul

The Kashmir Stag (Cervus elaphus hanglu), also called Hangul, is a subspecies of wapiti native to India, especially in Jammu and Kashmir where it is the state animal. Kashmir Stag is listed as critically endangered by IUCN as population is counted 160 mature individuals in the 2008 census.

This deer has a light rump patch without including the tail. Its coat color is brown with a speckling to the hairs. The inner sides of the buttocks are grayish white, followed by a line on the inner sides of the thighs and black on the upper side of the tail. Each antler consists of five tines. The beam is strongly curved inward, while the brow and bez tines are usually close together and above the burr.

This deer lives in groups of two to 18 individuals in dense riverine forests, high valleys, and mountains of the Kashmir valley and northern Chamba in Himachal Pradesh. In Kashmir, it's found in the Dachigam National Park (at elevations of 3,035 meters), Rajparian Wildlife Sanctuary, Overa Aru, Sind Valley, and in the forests of Kishtwar & Bhaderwah.

Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Sub Phylum Vertebrata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Sub Class Theria
  • Order: Artiodactyla
  • Suborder: Ruminantia
  • Family: Cervidae
  • Subfamily: Cervidae
  • Genus: Cervus
  • Species: elaphus
  • Sub Species Hanglu

2) Black Necked Crane

The Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollisis a medium-sized crane in Asia that breeds on the Tibetan Plateau and winters mainly in remote parts of India and Bhutan. It is 139 cm (55 in) long with a 235 cm (7.8 ft) wingspan, and it weighs 5.5 kg (12 lbs). It is whitish-gray, with a black head, red crown patch, black upper neck and legs, and white patch to the rear of the eye. It has black primaries and secondaries. Both sexes are similar. Some populations are known to make seasonal movements. It is revered in Buddhist traditions and culturally protected across much of its range. A festival in Bhutan celebrates the bird while the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir considers it as the state bird.

This medium-sized crane is mostly grey with a black head and neck. The lores and crown are naked and dull red. A small patch of white feathers are present below and behind the eye. The tail is black and makes it easy to distinguish at a distance from the similar looking Common Crane which has grey tail.

Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Gruiformes
  • Family: Gruidae
  • Subfamily: Cervinae
  • Genus: Grus
  • Species: G. nigricollis

3) Chinar

Platanus orientalis, or oriental planeis a large, deciduous tree of the Platanaceae family, growing to 30 m (98 ft) or more, and known for its longevity and spreading crown.

In historic Kashmir, the tree was planted near Hindu holy places under names derived from the goddess Bhavani. Later in Muslim times it continued to be a major garden and landscape tree and dominates many historic gardens, now generally called chinar. For example, a famous landmark in Srinagar is an island on Dal Lake where four chinar trees stand, named Char Chinar. As another example, a 627-year-old chinar tree has been found at Chatargam, Chadoora, Badgam district, Kashmir.In repute it was planted in 1374 AD by an Islamic mystic, Syed-Abul Qasim Shah Hamdani.

Chinar trees are being felled rapidly in Kashmir, although a recent ban has been enacted to curb cutting. Chinar trees are now required to be registered and are considered National Property of the State. Registered Chinars are painted white at their base. Increased awareness means most old Chinars are protected and looked after; however, some new Chinars must be cut as their growth can cause damage to roads and houses. Most people now view the Chinar as a matter of national pride.

Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Proteales
  • Family: Platanaceae
  • Genus: Platanus
  • Species: P. orientalis

4) Lotus

Lotus is the water plant. It has broad floating leaves and bright fragrant flowers. The leaves and flowers float and have long stems that contain air spaces. It has many petals overlapping in the symmetrical pattern. The root functions of the Lotus are carried out by rhizomes that fan out horizontally through the mud below the water. The round leaves are upto 50 cm in diameter. The flowers are rosy pink with little bit of white shade. The seeds are hard and dark brown in colour. They can vary in shape from round to oval to oblong. The Lotus Flower opens in the morning and the petals fall in the afternoon.

Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Proteales
  • Family: Nelumbonaceae
  • Genus: Nelumbo
  • Species: N. nucifera

State Symbols of J&K

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